Vocal Mixing Step-by-Step Guide

1- Get A Great Recording

You NEED a good recording if you ever want to produce a good vocal mix.

2- Comp the Vocal

Once you have an awesome recording, it’s time to sit down and edit the vocal to perfection.

3- Remove Noise

Once you have comped your vocal and are happy with the end result, it’s time to go through the entire vocal track and make sure there are no clicks unwanted noises.

4- Apply Subtle Pitch Correction

Even after comping the vocal and choosing the best take for each phrase or section, there can still be imperfections in the vocal.

5- Gain Automation

One of the most difficult things about working with vocals is controlling the dynamics.

6- Prepare for the Mix

By now you should have a good vocal recording that has been edited to perfection. The levels should be pretty consistent thanks to gain automation.

7- Gain Staging

If you automated the gain of the vocal as I recommended, it should already be sitting in that -18dBFS sweet spot.

8- Surgical EQ

A lot of people are unsure of whether to use EQ before or after compressionWell, I say do both.

9- Tonal EQ

Now it’s time to adjust the tone of the vocal to taste. Keep it subtle and start with boosts and cuts of around 3dB or less. We hear voices every day, so as soon as you start to apply heavy EQ moves the vocal will start to sound unnatural.

10: The Next Compressor (Optional)

You can apply another round of compression after applying tonal EQ to add even more dynamic consistency to the vocal.

11- Limiting 

Even after applying automation and compression, you can use limiting to make the vocal even more consistent.

12- Reverb

The current mixing trend is vocals that are up front and in your face. For this reason, applying reverb is counterintuitive.

13- Mixing Background Vocals

You aim with background vocals is to make them sit nicely underneath the lead vocal and support it, without distracting from it.

14- Advanced Mixing Techniques (Optional)

There are a number of other tools, plugins, and techniques that can be useful for vocal mixing.

You can use multiband compression to add more body and a consistent low end to a vocal or tame any ugly characteristics that only appear periodically.

For the full article read here: https://www.musicianonamission.com/mixing-vocals-how-to-mix-vocals/

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